Clean Fuels: Fuel Comparison Study (2004)
Comparison of CO2 Emissions from Gasoline and E85
Notes on American Lung Association of Minnesota fuel and vehicle testing:
- Vehicle testing was conducted at MN State University-Mankato in
coordination with University or North Dakota Energy & Environmental
- Partial federal test procedure was used in determining emissions of
these fuels in a 2004 Ford Explorer Sport Trac flexible fuel vehicle.
- Results for E85 and the Wisconsin non-ethanol gasoline represent single
fuel samples while those of the three Minnesota 87-octane gasolines
represent aggregate samples collected at three separate service stations
of each brand.