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Clean Fuels: Fuel Comparison Study (2004)

Summer 2004
Comparison of CO2 Emissions from Gasoline and E85
Notes on American Lung Association of Minnesota fuel and vehicle testing:
  • Vehicle testing was conducted at MN State University-Mankato in coordination with University or North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center.
  • Partial federal test procedure was used in determining emissions of these fuels in a 2004 Ford Explorer Sport Trac flexible fuel vehicle.
  • Results for E85 and the Wisconsin non-ethanol gasoline represent single fuel samples while those of the three Minnesota 87-octane gasolines represent aggregate samples collected at three separate service stations of each brand.


American Lung Association, Upper Midwest Region
490 Concordia Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55103-2441
Phone: 651-227-8014
Fax: 651-227-5459
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